Carl Rogers is considered one of the most influential psychologists in the world.
His teachings on humanistic psychology and his person-centered approach to
therapy and education helped shape the world of psychology as we know it today.
He wrote several personal development books and hundreds of professional papers
during his career.
The Background Of Carl Rogers
Carl Rogers was born in Oak Park,
Illinois near Chicago on January 8, 1902. He lived to the age of 85 and died on
February 4, 1987.
Rogers was a very bright child and was able to read
before he even began kindergarten. He was raised in a strict and isolated
environment, and as such became a disciplined and independent person at an early
He had a love of science and using the scientific method for
practical applications. His first area of study was agriculture at the
University of Wisconsin. He later switched to history, and then to religion. But
after taking a trip to China, he began to have doubts about his religious
beliefs and eventually decided to switch careers again, this time settling on
While working on his teaching degree, he delved into child
study, and found his true calling. He worked with troubled children, lectured on
his experiences, and later wrote a book on the subject.
Carl Rogers went
on to specialize in psychology and became a professor of clinical psychology at
Ohio State. He set up a private counseling practice where he conducted research
and devised new methods for helping his patients.
He received much
acclaim and prestigious awards such as the Award for Distinguished Scientific
Contributions to Psychology, Award for Distinguished Contributions to Applied
Psychology as a Professional Practice, and Humanist of the Year.
Theories Of Carl Rogers
Carl Rogers is ered one of the founders of
humanistic psychology. Humanistic psychology teaches that people are inherently
good and it encompasses a holistic approach to the development of the
personality by looking at things such as human potential, spirituality, free
will, and creativity.
Carl Rogers felt if the natural developmental
processes unfolded as they should, the personality would be creative and
self-actualized. Rogers took the person-centered approach when counseling
patients and teaching students in an effort to allow full development of the
His self help advice and books also fall under the category
of humanistic psychology. Self help groups and other forms of therapy such as
co-counseling are humanistic as well since they seek to create more positive
experiences and reduce the negative in order to mold a more fulfilling life.
His approach towards psychology was based on 19 principles.
Everyone exists in a constantly changing set of experiences at which they are
the center. This theory is called phenomenological psychology.
react to the set of experiences as they happen and as they are perceived. These
experiences are reality for the individual.
3. An individual reacts in a
holistic manner to this set of experiences also called the phenomenal field.
4. A portion of the field eventually becomes differentiated into the self.
5. The result of interaction with this field and other people is the
formation of the self as an organized conception of the relationship between the
self and the values attached to the events.
6. A person has one driving
tendency and that is to actualize and enhance his life experience.
internal perspective of an individual is the best vantage point for
understanding his behavior.
8. Behavior of an individual is his attempt
to satisfy his need for experience within his field of perception.
Emotion guides this behavior and is proportional to the behavior's perceived
10. Values that are attached to a person's experiences are
sometimes taken from others as if they were experienced directly, and can become
11. Experiences are symbolized, ignored, or distorted.
12. Most behaviors adopted however, are consistent with the person's concept of
13. In some cases, behaviors are brought about when they haven't
been symbolized and these can be inconsistent with the idea of the self and
therefore the behavior isn't owned by the person.
14. A person is
psychologically adjusted when his experiences and symbols are consistent with
his concept of self.
15. A person is psychologically maladjusted when his
experiences are not symbolized and consistent with his self concept. This
creates a form of psychological tension.
16. When these inconsistent
experiences occur, they are often perceived as a threat, and a person becomes
more rigid in his self structure for protection.
17. Under the proper
conditions, with the threats removed, a person can examine these inconsistencies
and assimilate them properly.
18. When a person has properly integrated
his experiences, he becomes more aware of himself and more understanding and
accepting of other people.
19. As a person examines his experiences,
removes distorted symbols, and accepts them into his concept of self, he
constantly evolves his value system.
Books By Carl Rogers
"Clinical Treatment of the
" was written in 1939. Carl Rogers wrote this
book after working extensively with troubled children. The
book relates his experiences and offers advice on treating
such children using the psychological methods he devised.
"Client-centered Therapy: Its Current Practice,
Implications and Theory
" was originally published in 1951 and
introduced the psychology profession to the idea of humanistic
psychology and the ability of the patient to benefit from self
help methods of therapy.
"On Becoming a Person: A
Therapist's View of Psychotherapy
" was first published in
1961. It was republished with commentary by Peter Kramer M.D.
in 1995. In this book, Carl Rogers explains his concept of
client-centered therapy. This book speaks to professionals
such as psychologists and counselors and is also an
informative read for individuals seeking a deeper look into
"Freedom to Learn: A View of What
Education Might Become
" was published in 1969. It was written
with the goal of helping children and young people develop a
love of learning. In it, Carl Rogers offered practical advice
to teachers and school administrators for dealing with issues
such as discipline, classroom management, and child-centered
"On Personal Power: Inner Strength and Its
" was published in 1977. This is one of
the personal development books by Carl Rogers that was
targeted to the average person seeking self help advice. In
it, Rogers explores his person-centered theories and discusses
how to build better relationships that create a mystical and
peaceful world for all earth's inhabitants.
"A Way of
" was published in 1980 towards the end of Roger's career.
It sums up his lifelong belief in humanism and calls upon all
readers to help create a more humane future for all people.
This work by Carl Rogers is more philosophical than his other
personal development books and reflects back on his decades of
helping people reach their full potentials.
Legacy Of Carl Rogers
The writings of Carl Rogers
continue to be expanded, compiled, and republished with
commentary, many years after his death.
He left a lasting
impact on those in the field of personality development,
psychological treatment, and human potential.
He was one of
the first professionals to mix psychology with spirituality,
and treat his clients holistically. His books continue to
inspire new generations of personal development enthusiasts,
and his methods are regaining popularity as treatments in
psychology swing back from 'instant cures' to more holistic
The Personal Development Guy's Self Improvement Ezine (FREE)
Would you like to keep in touch - and get high-level tips and special bonuses? Then please sign up for my self improvement newsletter The Personal Development Guy's Self Improvement Ezine. It is totally FREE.
I LOVE Your Support
If you've found the free personal development content on this website useful, please click the Donate button. Your donation will help me to keep producing free, high-level self improvement information. I am VERY GRATEFUL for your support!
PayPal is one of the largest payment processors on the Internet. When you click the Donation Button, you can make a donation of your choice on an encrypted and secure page.
Thank you very much!
Inspirational Quotes, Poems and Funny Short Stuff
If you want, you can also get your personal development, spirituality and general wisdom in an ultra light version - or even add your own wisdom to the site. Just go to the other sister of this website at:
- World's Best and YOUR Best Quotes, Poems and Short Funny Stuff
Quotescoop.com is also known as:
This is where you might go for a quick 'fix' of wisdom and humor.
A special treat is that this site has forums for you to present your own wisdom and humor in the form of inspirational short funny quotes, jokes, notes, letters, stories, SMS text messages and poems. Share your wisdom and witticisms with the world!
High-Level Positive Parenting Advice and Deep Insights
Positive Parenting Ally is the parenting equivalent of the Personal Development Guy. This is where you go if you want really deepen your understanding of parenting, empower your kids and make everyday life more easy and joyful.
- Parenting advice for the conscious, open-minded parent!
Back to the top of this page about
Carl Rogers And Humanistic Psychology
Where Would You Like to Go Next?
To see what has been added to this site recently (plus
offers, etc.), check out Blog
& News at thePersonalDevelopmentGuy.com
To share your own short
improvement ideas, tips, musings, quotes, stories,
spiritual jokes, etc. (and read the short ideas, etc.
others have shared) jump to Shared
Blog: Self Improvement Ideas
Jump to the
Personal Development Guy Homepage
Jump to Self Help Books
List of articles about self help books listed alphabetically:
Barbara De Angelis
, Maya Angelou
, Arjuna Ardagh
, Richard Bandler
, Brandon Bays
, Alain de Botton
, Les Brown
, Leo Buscaglia
, Tony Buzan
Andrew Carnegie Biography
, Pema Chodron
, Deepak Chopra
Deepak Chopra Books
, T. Harv Eker
, Timothy Ferriss
, Mahatma Gandhi
, Kahlil Gibran
, Stanislav Grof
, David Hawkins
, Louise Hay
, Hermann Hesse
, Esther Hicks and Jerry Hicks
, C G Jung
, Byron Katie
, Robert Kiyosaki
, Bruce Lipton
, Ramana Maharshi
, J W
, John Maxwell
Anthony de Mello
, Anthony De Mello
, Bruce Moen
, Michael Newton
, Dave Ramsey
Ayn Rand Books
, Cheryl Richardson
, Anthony Robbins
Anthony Robbins Books Carl Rogers
, Jim Rohn
, Marshall Rosenberg
, Don Miguel Ruiz
, Robin Sharma
George Soros Biography
George Soros Quotes
, Brian Tracy Books
, Neale Donald Walsch
, Lyall Watson
, Marianne Williamson
, Larry Winget
, Gary Zukav
, Best Self Help Books
, Self Help Books for Women